I correctly predicted that there was a violation of human rights in KOTLYARSKIY v. RUSSIA and 13 other applications.

Information

  • Judgment date: 2020-10-20
  • Communication date: 2016-05-17
  • Application number(s): 15024/12;15027/12;21041/12;21052/12;21056/12;21059/12;21065/12;21066/12;21068/12;21072/12;21096/12;21102/12;42535/12;57141/12
  • Country:   RUS
  • Relevant ECHR article(s): 5, 5-1-c, 6, 6-1, 11, 11-1
  • Conclusion:
    Violation of Article 11 - Freedom of assembly and association (Article 11-1 - Freedom of peaceful assembly)
    Violation of Article 3 - Prohibition of torture (Article 3 - Degrading treatment) (Substantive aspect)
    Violation of Article 5 - Right to liberty and security (Article 5-1 - Lawful arrest or detention)
    Violation of Article 6 - Right to a fair trial (Article 6 - Administrative proceedings
    Article 6-1 - Impartial tribunal)
  • Result: Violation
  • SEE FINAL JUDGMENT

JURI Prediction

  • Probability: 0.899552
  • Prediction: Violation
  • Consistent


Legend

 In line with the court's judgment
 In opposition to the court's judgment
Darker color: higher probability
: In line with the court's judgment  
: In opposition to the court's judgment

Communication text used for prediction

Application no 15024/12Aleksey Petrovich KOTLYARSKIY against Russiaand 13 other applications(see list appended) The applicants are eighteen Russian nationals; they are listed in the Appendix.
Some of them are represented before the Court (see the Appendix).
A.
The circumstances of the cases These applications are based on the events examined in the judgment Navalnyy and Yashin v. Russia (no.
76204/11, §§ 6-11, 4 December 2014).
The facts relevant to these cases, as submitted by the applicants, may be summarised as follows.
On 4 December 2011 general elections to the State Duma took place in Russia.
On 5 December 2011 the applicants took part in a public demonstration (a meeting) at Chistyye Prudy, Moscow, protesting against the elections, which they alleged had been rigged.
The meeting had been duly authorised by the mayor of Moscow.
After the demonstration the protesters, including the applicants, were arrested, allegedly for no reason, put into police busses and taken to different police stations.
The applicants were detained for several hours before being brought before Justices of the Peace.
On different dates all the applicants were found guilty of failure to obey a lawful order of a police officer, an offence under Article 19.3 of the Code of Administrative Offences, and sentenced to either administrative fines or administrative detention, as listed in the Appendix.
These judgments were upheld in all cases by the appellate and supervisory courts (see the Appendix).
B.
Relevant domestic law For relevant domestic law see Navalnyy and Yashin (cited above, §§ 43‐44).
COMPLAINTS The applicants’ complaints are indicated in the Appendix.
All the applicants complain under Article 11 of the Convention about the allegedly unlawful and disproportionate measures taken against them as peaceful protesters.
A number of them also complain under Article 5 of the Convention about their arrest and detention, alleging that it was arbitrary and had no legal grounds (see the Appendix).
All the applicants further complain under Article 6 § 1 of the Convention that the proceedings in which they were convicted of an administrative offence fell short of the guarantees of a fair hearing.
The applicants claim, in particular, that the courts based their findings exclusively on the evidence submitted by the police officers and refused to accept additional evidence, such as video recordings, or to call defence witnesses, as listed in the Appendix.
They further maintain that the courts declined to take into account their versions of the events as well as the defence witnesses’ statements, while giving weight to the police officers’ statements.
Finally, the applicants complain that the impartiality requirement was not respected in their cases owing to the absence of any prosecuting authority; that role was allegedly performed by the judge.
Some of the applicants complain under Article 3 of the Convention about poor conditions of their detention at different police stations and about their transfers between the detention facilities, as listed in the Appendix.
Several applicants raise separate complaints under Article 6 § 3 (b), (c) and (d) of the Convention.
Mr Ilupin complains about lack of adequate facilities to prepare his defence, given that he was not given a copy of the report on the administrative offence which went before the first-instance hearing (see the Appendix).
Furthermore, Mr Yudin, Mr Dzhalagoniya, Mr Orel, Mr Tarasov, Mr Kondrashev, Mrs L. Krutenko and Ms T. Krutenko allege that they had no access to a lawyer after their arrest and at the first-instance trial.
They also complain, together with Mr Apakidze, Mr Vlasov and Mr Doronin, about the courts’ refusal to call prosecution witnesses, namely the police officers who had drawn up the administrative reports.
COMMON QUESTIONS 1.
As regards each applicant, has there been an interference with his or her freedom of peaceful assembly within the meaning of Article 11 § 1 of the Convention?
If so, was that interference prescribed by law and necessary in terms of Article 11 § 2 of the Convention?
2.
Did the applicants have a fair hearing in the administrative proceedings against them, in accordance with Article 6 § 1 of the Convention, as regards each applicant’s trial: (a) Has the principle of equality of arms been respected, in particular as regards the admission and the assessment of evidence by the courts?
(b) Were the applicants afforded the opportunity to plead their case in the domestic courts, in particular to submit additional evidence or to call defence witnesses?
(c) Was the impartiality requirement respected in each case, given the absence of any prosecuting authority and the role of the judge in these circumstances?
CASE-SPECIFIC

Judgment

THIRD SECTION
CASE OF KOTLYARSKIY AND OTHERS v. RUSSIA
(Applications nos.
15024/12 and 13 others – see appended list)

JUDGMENT
STRASBOURG
20 October 2020

This judgment is final but it may be subject to editorial revision.
In the case of Kotlyarskiy and Others v. Russia,
The European Court of Human Rights (Third Section), sitting as a Committee composed of:
Helen Keller, President,María Elósegui,Ana Maria Guerra Martins, judges,and Olga Chernishova, Deputy Section Registrar,
Having regard to:
the fourteen applications (listed in the appended table) against the Russian Federation lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“the Convention”) by eighteen Russian nationals (“the applicants”), on the various dates indicated in the Appendix;
the decision to give notice of the applications to the Russian Government (“the Government”);
the parties’ observations;
Having deliberated in private on 29 September 2020,
Delivers the following judgment, which was adopted on that date:
INTRODUCTION
1.
On 5 December 2011 the applicants participated in a public assembly in Moscow to protest against the allegedly rigged elections that had taken place the previous day. After the demonstration they were arrested, detained and convicted of an administrative offence. THE FACTS
2.
The applicants’ details are set out in the appended table. 3. The Russian Government (“the Government”) were represented by Mr G. Matyushkin, the former Representative of the Russian Federation to the European Court of Human Rights, and then by his successor in that office, Mr M. Galperin. 4. The facts of the case, as submitted by the parties, may be summarised as follows. 5. On 4 December 2011 general elections to the State Duma took place in Russia. On 5 December 2011 the applicants participated in a public event in Moscow, protesting against the elections, which they considered rigged. The authorities had been duly notified about the assembly. The circumstances relating to the same event have already been examined by the Court (see Navalnyy and Yashin v. Russia, no. 76204/11, §§ 6-11, 4 December 2014). 6. After the demonstration the applicants were arrested and transferred to various police stations in Moscow where the relevant administrative records were drawn up. The administrative offence records were based on the reports and explanations of the police officers who had arrested the applicants. The applicants were detained and spent up to three nights at the relevant police stations before being brought before the Justices of the Peace. The applicants submitted, inter alia, that they had had no place to sleep and access to toilets had been restricted during their detention. Some of them further submitted that during transport to the place of detention following their administrative conviction, they had been kept for several hours in an unheated bus. 7. On various dates all the applicants were convicted under Article 19.3 § 1 of the Code of Administrative Offences (refusal to obey the lawful order of a police officer) and sentenced to either administrative fines or administrative imprisonment (see the appended table). The domestic courts relied on the administrative offence records and the reports and explanations of the police officers. In particular, they considered unlawful that some of the applicants had shouted slogans and/or refused to stop participating in a public assembly (that followed the initial demonstration) in respect of which no advance notification had been submitted to the authorities. RELEVANT LEGAL FRAMEWORK
8.
For relevant domestic law applicable at the material time see Navalnyy and Yashin (cited above, §§ 43‐44). THE LAW
9.
Having regard to the similar subject matter of the applications, the Court finds it appropriate to examine them jointly in a single judgment. 10. The Court notes that the applicants in applications nos. 21041/12, 21052/12, 21056/12, 21059/12, 21065/12, 21066/12, 21068/12, 21072/12, 21096/12 and 21102/12 in their observations dated 13 November 2016 argued that their appeals against the trial courts’ judgments had not had a suspensive effect and that they had had no effective national remedies in respect of their complaints under Article 3 and 5 of the Convention. They submitted that those were legal arguments as regards the facts described in their initial applications. 11. The Court further notes that in their applications the applicants concerned complained under Article 11 of the Convention about the allegedly unlawful and disproportionate measures taken against them as peaceful protesters. In addition, they complained under Articles 3, 5 and 6 of the Convention about their unlawful arrests, unfairness of the administrative proceedings and conditions of detention at various police stations. 12. The new complaints pertaining to the immediate execution of the decisions in the applicants’ administrative cases and the alleged lack of effective remedies were submitted after the notice of the initial applications had been given to the Government. In the Court’s view, these new complaints are not an elaboration of the original complaints lodged with the Court several years earlier and on which the parties have commented. The Court therefore decides not to examine the new complaints within the framework of the present proceedings (see Rafig Aliyev v. Azerbaijan, no. 45875/06, § 70, 6 December 2011). 13. The applicants complained of disproportionate measures taken against them as participants in a peaceful public assembly, namely their arrest followed by their conviction for an administrative offence. They relied, expressly or in substance, on Articles 10 and 11 of the Convention; however, this falls to be examined under Article 11 of the Convention, which reads as follows:
“1.
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of association with others, including the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests. 2. No restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights other than such as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others. This Article shall not prevent the imposition of lawful restrictions on the exercise of these rights by members of the armed forces, of the police or of the administration of the State.”
14.
The Court refers to the principles established in its case-law regarding the right to freedom of peaceful assembly (see Kudrevičius and Others v. Lithuania [GC], no. 37553/05, ECHR 2015, with further references) and the proportionality of interference with that freedom (see Oya Ataman v. Turkey, no. 74552/01, ECHR 2006‐XIV, and Hyde Park and Others v. Moldova, no. 33482/06, 31 March 2009). 15. In the leading cases (see, for example, Frumkin v. Russia, no. 74568/12, 5 January 2016, and Kasparov and Others v. Russia, no. 21613/07, 3 October 2013), the Court already found a violation in respect of issues similar to those in the present case. Moreover, in case Navalnyy and Yashin v. Russia, no. 76204/11, §§ 51-75, 4 December 2014, the Court established, inter alia, that the gathering in question fell within the scope of Article 11 of the Convention and found a violation of Article 11 of the Convention in respect of the suppression of that spontaneous public assembly. 16. Having examined all the material submitted to it, the Court has not found any fact or argument capable of persuading it to reach a different conclusion as to the admissibility and merits of the present complaints. Having regard to its case-law on the subject, the Court considers that in the instant case the measures applied to the applicants as participants in a peaceful public assembly did not correspond to a pressing social need and were thus not necessary in a democratic society. 17. These complaints are therefore admissible and disclose a violation of Article 11 of the Convention. 18. Some applicants submitted other complaints which also raised issues under Articles 3, 5 and/or 6 of the Convention, given the relevant well‐established case-law of the Court. 19. The Court notes that the applicant in application no. 57141/12 complained under Article 3 of the Convention about the conditions of detention at the police station on 5 and 6 December 2011. The Court further notes that this complaint was raised on 31 July 2012, which is more than six months after the end of the situation at issue. This complaint must therefore be rejected in accordance with Article 35 §§ 1 and 4 of the Convention. 20. The Government argued that some of the applicants failed to exhaust the effective domestic remedies in respect of their complaints under Article 5 of the Convention that their arrest had been unlawful. They submitted, in particular, that the applicants could have used the procedures under Chapter 25 of the Code of Civil Procedure and Article 1070 of the Civil Code. In the absence of any domestic case-law examples provided by the Government demonstrating the effectiveness of these remedies and noting its previous findings in similar cases (see Tsvetkova and Others v. Russia, nos. 54381/08 and 5 others, §§ 95-101, 10 April 2018), the Court dismisses the Government’s objection as unsubstantiated. 21. The Court notes that the complaints listed in the Appendix are neither manifestly ill-founded nor inadmissible on any other grounds listed in Article 35 of the Convention. They must therefore be declared admissible. 22. Having examined all the material before it, the Court concludes that these remaining complaints also disclose violations of Articles 3, 5 and/or 6 of the Convention, as indicated in the appended table, in the light of its findings in Navalnyy and Yashin (cited above, §§ 91-98, §§ 110‐12); Karelin v. Russia (no. 926/08, 20 September 2016), and Lashmankin and Others v. Russia (nos. 57818/09 and 14 others, §§ 486‐92, 7 February 2017). 23. As regards Article 6 § 1, all the applications relying on this provision disclose a violation of the impartiality requirement on account of the absence of a prosecuting party (see appended table). The Court notes that the applicants in applications nos. 21041/12, 21052/12, 21065/12, 21066/12, 21096/12 and 42535/12 also complained under Article 6 §§ 1 and 3 (d) of the Convention about their inability to cross-examine the police officers on whose written statements their conviction was based. The applicants in applications nos. 21041/12, 21066/12, 21068/12, 21072/12 and 42535/12 also complained under Article 6 §§ 1 and 3 (c) of the Convention that they had allegedly not been given access to a lawyer after their arrest and at the first-instance trial, and the applicant in application no. 57141/12 complained under Article 6 §§ 1 and 3 (b) of the Convention about a lack of time and facilities to prepare his defence. The Court considers that as it has already concluded that the administrative proceedings, taken as a whole, were conducted in violation of the right to a fair hearing, it is not necessary to address the remainder of the applicants’ complaints under Article 6 §§ 1 and 3 (b)-(d) of the Convention (see Frumkin, cited above, § 168). 24. Article 41 of the Convention provides:
“If the Court finds that there has been a violation of the Convention or the Protocols thereto, and if the internal law of the High Contracting Party concerned allows only partial reparation to be made, the Court shall, if necessary, afford just satisfaction to the injured party.”
25.
The applicants claimed various amounts in respect of non-pecuniary damage. The applicants in applications nos. 15024/12 and 15027/12 also claimed pecuniary damage for the sum of the fines they had paid. 26. The Government submitted in reply that if the Court finds a violation of the Convention, it should award compensation in compliance with the Court’s well-established case-law. 27. The Court considers that there is a direct causal link between the violation of Article 11 of the Convention found and the fines that the applicants had paid following their conviction for the administrative offence (see, for similar reasoning, Lashmankin and Others, cited above, § 515). Regard being had to the documents in its possession, the Court considers it reasonable to award 15 euros (EUR) to each applicant in applications nos. 15024/12 and 15027/12 in respect of pecuniary damage, plus any tax that may be chargeable. 28. In addition, having regard to the documents in its possession and its case-law concerning violations of Article 11 of the Convention on account of arbitrary arrests at peaceful assemblies, the Court considers it reasonable to award the applicants the amounts indicated in the appended table in respect of non-pecuniary damage, plus any tax that may be chargeable. 29. Some applicants also claimed costs and expenses incurred before the domestic courts and/or those incurred before the Court, in particular legal fees and postal expenses. The applicants in applications nos. 21041/12, 21052/12, 21056/12, 21059/12, 21065/12, 21066/12, 21068/12, 21072/12, 21096/12 and 21102/12 jointly claimed EUR 10,200 to be paid to Mr Terekhov and EUR 10,400 to be paid to Mr Navalnyy for legal representation before the Court. Four applicants in application no. 42535/12 (represented by Ms Davidyan) jointly claimed EUR 6,280 for their legal representation before the Court. The applicants in applications nos. 15024/12 and 15027/12 (represented by Ms Yermolayeva) each claimed EUR 4,500 for legal services provided at the domestic level and before the Court. The applicant in application no. 57141/12 claimed EUR 2,600 and 1,471.68 pounds sterling for legal representation before the domestic authorities and before the Court. 30. The Government submitted in reply that if the Court finds a violation of the Convention, it should award compensation in compliance with the Court’s well-established case-law. 31. According to the Court’s case-law, an applicant is entitled to the reimbursement of costs and expenses only in so far as it has been shown that these have been actually and necessarily incurred and are reasonable as to quantum. Regard being had to the documents in its possession, its case‐law and the repetitive nature of the legal issues examined in this case, the Court awards the applicants the following amounts, plus any tax that may be chargeable to the applicants: EUR 850 jointly to the applicants in applications nos. 21041/12, 21052/12, 21056/12, 21059/12, 21065/12, 21066/12, 21068/12, 21072/12, 21096/12 and 21102/12; EUR 850 jointly to the four applicants in application no. 42535/12 who were represented by Ms Davidyan; EUR 1,275 to the applicant in application no. 15024/12 and EUR 1,275 to the applicant in application no. 15027/12; and EUR 1,350 to the applicant in application no. 57141/12. These awards are to be paid into the representatives’ bank accounts, as requested by the applicants. 32. The Court considers it appropriate that the default interest rate should be based on the marginal lending rate of the European Central Bank, to which should be added three percentage points. FOR THESE REASONS, THE COURT, UNANIMOUSLY,
(a) that the respondent State is to pay the applicants, within three months, the following amounts, to be converted into the currency of the respondent State at the rate applicable at the date of settlement, except for the awards in application no.
57141/12 where the award for non-pecuniary damage is to be paid in euros and the amount for costs and expenses is to be converted into pounds sterling at the rate applicable at the date of settlement and paid to the bank account of European Human Rights Advocacy Centre (“EHRAC”), as indicated by that applicant:
(i) EUR 15 (fifteen euros) to each of the applicants in applications nos.
15024/12 and 15027/12, plus any tax that may be chargeable, in respect of pecuniary damage;
(ii) the amounts indicated in the appended table, plus any tax that may be chargeable, in respect of non-pecuniary damage;
(iii) the following amounts, plus any tax that may be chargeable to the applicants, in respect of costs and expenses, to be paid into the respective representatives’ bank accounts:
- EUR 850 (eight hundred and fifty euros) jointly to the applicants in applications nos.
21041/12, 21052/12, 21056/12, 21059/12, 21065/12, 21066/12, 21068/12, 21072/12, 21096/12 and 21102/12;
- EUR 850 (eight hundred and fifty euros) jointly to the four applicants in application no.
42535/12 who were represented by Ms Davidyan (see the appended table);
- EUR 1,275 (one thousand two hundred and seventy-five euros) to each of the applicants in applications nos.
15024/12 and 15027/12;
- EUR 1,350 (one thousand three hundred and fifty euros) to the applicant in application no.
57141/12;
(b) that from the expiry of the above-mentioned three months until settlement simple interest shall be payable on the above amounts at a rate equal to the marginal lending rate of the European Central Bank during the default period plus three percentage points;
Done in English, and notified in writing on 20 October 2020, pursuant to Rule 77 §§ 2 and 3 of the Rules of Court.
Olga Chernishova Helen KellerDeputy RegistrarPresident

Appendix
No.
Application no. Lodged on
Applicant
Date of Birth
Place of Residence
Nationality

Represented by
Penalty
Final domestic decision details
Other complaints under well‐established case‐law, admissible and disclosing a violation
Amount awarded for non‐pecuniary damage per applicant
1
15024/12
02/03/2012
Aleksey Petrovich KOTLYARSKIY
1987
Moscow
Russian

Nadezhda Viktorovna YERMOLAYEVA
Administrative fine RUB 1,000
Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow
12/01/2012

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from 9 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 7/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin v. Russia, no. 76204/11, §§ 91-98, 4 December 2014);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin v. Russia, no. 926/08, 20 September 2016). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)
2
15027/12
02/03/2011
Ilya Valentinovich VORONTSOV
1985
Moscow
Russian

Nadezhda Viktorovna YERMOLAYEVA
Administrative fine RUB 1,000

Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow
19/01/2012
Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from 9 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 7/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 91-98);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)
3
21041/12
29/03/2012
Grigoriy Borisovich YUDIN
1983
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

Ilnur Ilgizovich SHARAPOV
15 days of administrative imprisonment
Supervisory decision Moscow City Court 19/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Basmannoye 05/12/2011–08/12/2011: no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110‐12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others v. Russia, nos. 57818/09 and 14 others, §§ 486-92, 7 February 2017);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
4
21052/12
29/03/2012
Vitaliy Valeryevich APAKIDZE
1983
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

15 days of
administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow
07/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Zamoskvorechye 05/12/2011 – 08/12/2011: no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110‐12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
5
21056/12
29/03/2012
Emil Pavlovich TEREKHIN
1977
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

7 days of administrative imprisonment

Appeal decision Meshchanskiy District Court of Moscow 07/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Khamovniki 05/12/2011 – 08/12/2011: no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages; transportation to the place of detention on 08/12/2011; (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110‐12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 7,500
(seven thousand five hundred euros)
6
21059/12
29/03/2012
Fedor Olegovich BOGATYREV
1976
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

15 days of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 06/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Basmannoye 05/12/2011 – 08/12/2011: no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
7
21065/12
29/03/2012
Sergey Igorevich VLASOV
1980
Zhukovskiy
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

10 days of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 07/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Zamoskvorechye 07/12/2011 – 09/12/2011: overcrowding, no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages; transportation to the place of detention on 09/12/2011 (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
8
21066/12
29/03/2012
Georgi Yedisonovich DZHALAGONIYA
1989
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

10 days of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 07/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Zamoskvorechye 05/12/2011 – 08/12/2011: overcrowding, no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
9
21068/12
29/03/2012
Andrey Viktorovich OREL
1977
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

15 days of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 16/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Krasnoselskoye 05/12/2011 – 07/12/2011: overcrowding, no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet; transportation to the place of detention on 08/12/2011 (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
10
21072/12
29/03/2012
Igor Aleksandrovich TARASOV
1980
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

15 days of administrative imprisonment

Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 07/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Krasnoselskoye 05/12/2011 – 07/12/2011: overcrowding, no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet; transportation to the place of detention on 08/12/2011 (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
11
21096/12
29/03/2012
Dmitriy Dmitriyevich DORONIN
1983
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

10 days of administrative imprisonment

Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 29/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Basmannoye 05/12/2011 – 08/12/2011: overcrowding, no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet; transportation to the place of detention on 08/12/2011 (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
12
21102/12
29/03/2012
Aleksandr Sergeyevich ROGANOV
1983
Moscow
Russian

Aleksey Anatolyevich NAVALNYY

Konstantin Ilyich
TEREKHOV

15 days of administrative imprisonment

Appeal decision Basmannyy District Court of Moscow 16/12/2011
Art.
3 – conditions of detention at the police station Krasnoselskoye 05/12/2011 – 07/12/2011: overcrowding, no sleeping place, lack of meals and beverages, restricted access to the toilet; transportation to the place of detention on 08/12/2011 (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 110-12);

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the police office on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence (see Lashmankin and Others, cited above, §§ 486-92);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 10,000
(ten thousand euros)
13
42535/12
28/06/2012
Aleksandr Nikolayevich KONDRASHEV
1990
Moscow
Russian

Eleonora Grantovna DAVIDYAN

3 days of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Tverskoy District Court of Moscow 25/01/2012
Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the Tverskoy District police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from approximately 10.30 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 3.20 p.m 6/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 91-98);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 7,500
(seven thousand five hundred euros)
Lubov Viktorovna KRUTENKO
1990
Moscow
Russian

Eleonora Grantovna DAVIDYAN

Administrative fine
RUB 1,000
Appeal decision Tverskoy District Court of Moscow 27/01/2012

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the Tverskoy District police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from approximately 10.30 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 3.20 p.m 6/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 91-98);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)
Tamara Viktorovna KRUTENKO
1990
Moscow
Russian

Eleonora Grantovna DAVIDYAN
Administrative fine
RUB 1,000
Appeal decision Tverskoy District Court of Moscow 20/01/2012

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the Tverskoy District police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from approximately 10.30 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 3.20 p.m 6/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 91-98);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)
Darya Danovna ROZENSHEYN
1978
Moscow
Russian

Eleonora Grantovna DAVIDYAN

Administrative fine
RUB 1,000
Appeal decision Tverskoy District Court of Moscow 28/02/2012

Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the Tverskoy District police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from approximately 10.30 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 5.30 p.m 6/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 91-98);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)
Ilyas Ravilyevich SETDINOV
1989
Moscow
Russian

Inna Borisovna YANATYEVA

2 days of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Tverskoy District Court of Moscow 30/12/2011
Art.
5 § 1 – unlawful deprivation of liberty: arrest and escorting to the Tverskoy District police station on 05/12/2011 for the purpose of drawing up a record of the administrative offence; detention in excess of 3 hours (from approximately 10.30 p.m. on 05/12/2011 till 12.30 p.m 6/12/2011) (see Navalnyy and Yashin, cited above, §§ 91-98);

Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)
14
57141/12
31/07/2012
Sergey Iosifovich ILUPIN
1979
Lyon, France
Russian

MEMORIAL Human Rights Centre,
European Human Rights Advocacy Centre (“EHRAC”)
1 day of administrative imprisonment
Appeal decision Tverskoy District Court of Moscow 31/01/2012
Art.
6 § 1 - lack of impartiality of tribunal: absence of a prosecuting party in the administrative proceedings (see Karelin, cited above). EUR 5,000
(five thousand euros)